
Lesson 2: Numbers and Counting
Konnichiwa minnasan. This lesson is on numbers
and counting ^_^. We will go over the numbers used for counting
in Japanese, as well as those used for denoting quantity. The
.phpick is same as before, so if you have any questions, comments,
or just want to thank me(or scream at me) ^_^, you know how to
reach me
Also in this lesson I'm including the Japanese
characters for the numbers, so you can see how they look. If you
have the latest version of Netscape(4.6, or higher), go to the
View Character SetJapanese(auto select), and you'll see them.
In Explorer, if you've allready installed the Japanese font set
(here), go to ViewFontsJapanese(AutoSelect).
If you still can't see them, just click here.
There are two number systems in use in Japan,
one goes only from one to ten, and is used for denoting quantity
(for some items at least). While the other is Chinese in origin,
and is used primarily for counting, mathematics, or rank/order(
i.e number one(ichiban), 50 (gojuu) yen ). This
system goes to infinity ^_^.
Cardinal Numbers
The following chart will show both systems, from
1 to 10, as well as the Kanji used for these numbers. I suggest
you first learn the ones that are Chinese in origin, as they are
the ones used for all counting, (money included ^_^).
Number

Chinese Originated (Counting)

Japanese (Quantity)

Kanji

0

rei (no not the same as
Reichan =p)


Îí

1

ichi

hitotsu

°ì

2

ni

futatsu

Æó

3

san

mittsu

»°

4

shi / yon

yottsu

»Í

5

go

itsutsu

¸Þ

6

roku

muttsu

Ï»

7

shichi / nana

nanatsu

¼·

8

hachi

yattsu

È¬

9

ku / kyuu

kokonotsu

¶å

10

juu

tou

½½

11 to 19
Now we can go on to numbers from 11 to 19 ^_^.
To form these numbers, first put juu(10), and then add
to it the corresponding number from the second column. So 11 would
be juuichi, 12 juuni, 14 juusan, and so on:
15 is juugo 16 is juuroku, and 18 is ______ (you
tell me ^_^)
Are you all still with me on this? Good ^_^, because now it gets
even easier. Twenty is two tens, or nijuu, twenty one is
nijuuichi, and 34 is sanjuushi.(Only for 40, 70,
and 90 we use yonjuu, nanjuu, and kyuujuu
respectively )
100 and Up
With 100(hyaku) and 1,000(sen) the pattern is pretty much the
same, but there are some changes as you'll see below.
100

hyaku

1,000

sen

200

niyaku

2,000

nisen

300

sanbyaku

3,000

sanzen

400

yonhyaku

4,000

yonsen

500

gohyaku

5,000

gosen

600

roppyaku

6,000

roksen

700

happyaku

7,000

nansen

800

happyaku

8,000

hassen

900

kyuuhyaku

9,000

kyuusen

Japanese uses 10,000 as a counting unit. Each unit of 10,000
is called a man.
Therefore 10,000 is ichiman, 20,000 is niman(etc..),
100,000 is juman (10 units of 10,000), 200,000 is nijuuman.
this continues untill 100,000,000 which is ichioku. (I
don't think we need to go any further with this, eh? ^_^) Now
on to:
Ordinal Numbers
The ordinal numbers (first, second etc) are formed
by adding banme to the cardinal number. So first is ichibanme,
second nibanme, third is sanbanme and so on. (as
before, use the alternate numbers for 4, 7, and 9)
This is the end of lesson two ^_^. I hope that you liked it.
Next week, when I put up the new lesson, it will have a quiz on
this one, so you better study hard ^_^. The next lesson will be
on reading Japanese, which will be done in three parts. The Katakana
alphabet will be next week.
See you then!!!
Ja ne


